Almonds are the seeds of the fruits cultivated from the almond tree. The scientific name of these dry fruits is Prunus
Cashews are super nuts belonging to the family of Anacardiaceae, which includes mangoes and pistachios. They are originally native to the coastal areas of north-eastern Brazil. They are kidney-shaped seeds and are widely cultivated in places that have tropical climates. Cashews are grown in countries like India, Sri Lanka, Kenya, and Tanzania. The nuts stick to the bottom of the fruit, known as a cashew apple, and have diverse uses, particularly in Brazil, Asia, and Africa.
Pistachios are one of the oldest edible nuts and are commonly used all over the world. Pistachio nuts belong to the Anacardiaceae family from the genus Pistacia. A pistachio tree takes about 10 to 12 years to produce the first crop. They are drupe, where the fruit has a large seed in the center, which is edible. The nuts of pistachio are not seasonal and are available all year long.
Fig is a sweet fruit with multiple seeds and soft skin, which can be eaten ripe or dried. Figs are also called nature’s candy because they are high in natural sugar. It is a fruit of the fig tree (Ficus), which is a member of the mulberry family, usually found in Asia. In India, the fruit is called anjeer. Different varieties of the fruit can have different colors such as purple, red, green, and golden yellow in color.
Apricots, scientifically known as Prunus armeniaca, are small drupes that resemble and are closely related to peaches or plums. They have a soft, tangy flesh beneath a thin outer skin. In the middle of the apricot is a large pit, which is inedible, so be careful when taking that first big bite! They are typically yellow or orange, with a slight tinge of red on one side.
Raisins are obtained by drying grapes, either in the sun or in driers, which turns the grapes into golden, green or black gems. They are naturally sweet in flavor and are widely used in cultural cooking around the world, especially in desserts.